Xerochlorella Fucíková, P.O.& L.A. , 2014
Holotype species: Xerochlorella olmiae Fucíková, P.O.Lewis & L.A.Lewis
Original publication and holotype designation: Fucíková, K., Lewis, P.O. & Lewis, L.A. (2014). Widespread desert affiliation of Trebouxiophycean algae (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta) including discovery of three new desert genera. Phycological Research 62(4): 294-305, 5 fig., 1 table.
Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.
Gender: This genus name is currently treated as feminine.
Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Mikhailyuk,T., Holzinger, A., Tsarenko, P., Glaser, K., Demchenko, E. & Karsten, U. (2020). Dictyosphaerium-like morphotype in terrestrial algae: what is Xerochlorella (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta)?. Journal of Phycology 56: 671-686, 7 figs.
Mikhailyuk & al. (2020: 683) incorrectly list Xerochlorella minuta (J.B.Petersen) Mikhailyuk & P.M.Tsarenko as the type species of Xerochlorella. The type is always the type of the original name which is Xerochlorella olmiae Fucíková, P.O.Lewis & L.A.Lewis, the correct name for which is currently Xerochlorella minuta. - (31 Jul 2020) - M.D. Guiry
Description: Cells solitary or in colonies surrounded by delicate mucilage envelopes. Cells ovoid to wide ellipsoid and almost spherical, thin-walled, uninucleate, connected to fragments of mother (sporangial) walls with their narrow ends (Dictyosphaerium- like morphology). Chloroplasts single, parietal, cup-shaped, with pyrenoid surrounded by several starch grains. Asexual reproduction via autospores. Autospores released by rupture of sporangial wall and further preservation of fragments with connected cells. Sexual reproduction not observed.
Information contributed by: Emended description by emend. Mikhailyuk & P.M. Tsarenko in Mikhailyuk & al (2020: 683).. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 31 Jul 2020 by M.D. Guiry.
Numbers of names and species: There are 3 species names in the database at present, of which 3 have been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..
Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):
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Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.
Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.
Created: 12 November 2014 by Salvador Valenzuela Miranda
Verified by: 31 July 2020 by M.D. Guiry
Linking to this page: http://algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=51700
Please cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 21 September 2020.