148,937 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,324 images, 57,310 bibliographic items, 363,730 distributional records.

Caulerpa J.V.Lamouroux, 1809

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Bryopsidales
Family Caulerpaceae

Lectotype species: Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) J.V.Lamouroux

Original publication:Lamouroux, J.V.F. (1809). Observations sur la physiologie des algues marines, et description de cinq nouveaux genres de cette famille. Nouveau Bulletin des Sciences, par la Société Philomathique de Paris 1: 330-333, fig. 2, pl. 6.
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Type designated in Trevisan [de Saint-Léon], V.B.A. (1849). Caulerpearum sciagraphia. Linnaea 22: 129-144.
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Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.

Nomenclatural notes
"du grec Caulos tige et Erpo je rampe" [from the Greek Caulos "stem" and Erpo "I crawl"]. - (23 Jan 2011) - M.D. Guiry

Description: Thallus composed of horizontal stolon anchored by colorless rhizoids, bearing erect photosynthetic fronds (assimilators) of extremely diverse morphology including thread-like, blade-like, pinnate, spongy and vesicular structures. Radial branching regarded as primitive, bilateral as more recent, interpretations which are supported by ultrastructure of chloroplasts. Reduction of light also results in change of erect portions from radial to bilateral symmetry. In species such as C. racemosa and C. cupressoides morphology has been shown to vary with habitat, resulting in description of numerous varieties or forms (or even species) which probably should be regarded as ecads. Growth apical and indeterminate. Extent of development of stolons and rhizoids depends on substratum; stolons can reach to 12 m.m-2, but generally are more ramified in epilithic specimens; entire alga can reach to 1m. in length. Thallus composed of coenocytic filaments or siphons; walls principally of -1,3 xylan, with numerous trabeculae (branching cylindrical ingrowths of the wall) traversing the lumen. When wounded, as by grazing fish, blade or rhizome exude a yellowish sticky mass which hardens to a wound plug of carbohydrate in a few minutes. Genus heteroplastic. Large chloroplasts with pyrenoid and starch grains seem to be more primitive, being replaced by small chloroplasts lacking them. Amyloplasts mixed with chloroplasts. Isolated chloroplasts survive and divide in vitro for more than 2 weeks. Reproduction probably primarily by fragmentation of stolon. Holocarpic anisogamous sexual reproduction described for some species. Meiosis, where examined, occurs at gametogenesis with formation of gametes in unmodified areas of the thallus, without separation by cross walls; gametes liberated in gelatinous extrusions through superficial papillae. C. okamurai is monoecious, with both sexes separated throughout thallus, whereas C. prolifera is dioecious. Some species of Caulerpa produce the poison caulerpicin, making their use as a food resource hazardous.

Information contributed by: E. Coppejans. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 29 Aug 2011 by M.D. Guiry.

Comments: Geographic distribution is global tropical to subtropical, with some species extending into the Mediterranean Sea and temperate regions of Australia. Highest species diversity occurs in S. Australia. Vertical range includes the intertidal to at least -50m; substrata include unconsolidated sand of seagrass meadows and hard surfaces such as coral rock.

Common names

(as Caulerpa)
Japanese: Fusa-iwazuta, Umibudo (Arasaki & Arasaki 1983).

NCBI Nucleotide Sequences

Numbers of names and species: There are 386 species (and infraspecific) names in the database at present, of which 97 have been flagged as currently accepted taxonomically.

Names: ('C' indicates a name that is currently accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):

Caulerpa acuta (Yamada) Yamada S 
Caulerpa agardhii Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa alternans Womersley C 
Caulerpa alternifolia P.Crouan & H.Crouan S 
Caulerpa alternifolia J.Agardh S 
Caulerpa ambigua Okamura C 
Caulerpa ambigua var. luxurians (W.R.Taylor) Eubank S 
Caulerpa ambigua var. dichotoma Eubank C 
Caulerpa amicorum Harvey S 
Caulerpa anceps Harvey ex J.Agardh S 
Caulerpa andamanensis (W.R.Taylor) Draisma, Prudhomme & Sauvage C 
Caulerpa annulata A.H.S.Lucas S 
Caulerpa antoensis Yamada C 
Caulerpa arenicola W.R.Taylor S 
Caulerpa articulata Harvey C 
Caulerpa ashmeadii Harvey C 
Caulerpa asplenioides Greville S 
Caulerpa bartoniae G.Murray C 
Caulerpa bikinensis W.R.Taylor C 
Caulerpa biloba Kempermann & Stegenga S 
Caulerpa biserrulata Sonder C 
Caulerpa boryana J.Agardh S 
Caulerpa brachypus Harvey C 
Caulerpa brachypus f. parvifolia (Harvey) A.B.Cribb S 
Caulerpa brachypus var. brasiliana A.B.Joly & Semir C 
Caulerpa brachypus var. nordestina A.B.Joly & Semir C 
Caulerpa brachypus var. mauritiana (Børgesen) Børgesen S 
Caulerpa brachypus f. exposita Børgesen S 
Caulerpa brownii (C.Agardh) Endlicher C 
Caulerpa brownii var. [selaginoides] f. laxa V.J.Chapman C 
Caulerpa buginensis E.Verheij & Prud'homme van Reine C 
Caulerpa cactoides (Turner) C.Agardh C 
Caulerpa cactoides var. gracilis G.Murray S 
Caulerpa carruthersii G.Murray C 
Caulerpa charoides (Weber-van Bosse) Thivy & Visalakshmi S 
Caulerpa chemnitzia (Esper) J.V.Lamouroux C 
Caulerpa chemnitzia var. occidentalis J.Agardh S 
Caulerpa chemnitzia var. peltata (J.V.Lamouroux) Zanardini S 
Caulerpa clavifera var. lamourouxii (Turner) C.Agardh S 
Caulerpa clavifera var. nudicaulis Zanardini S 
Caulerpa clavifera (Turner) C.Agardh S 
Caulerpa clavifera var. uvifera (C.Agardh) C.Agardh S 
Caulerpa clavifera f. remota Svedelius S 
Caulerpa clavifera var. gracilis Zanardini S 
Caulerpa clavifera var. turbinata J.Agardh S 
Caulerpa cliftonii Harvey C 
Caulerpa complanata J.Agardh S 
Caulerpa constricta I.R.Price, Huisman & Borowitzka C 
Caulerpa corynephora Montagne C 
Caulerpa corynephora f. complanata (J.Agardh) Svedelius S 
Caulerpa crassifolia (C.Agardh) J.Agardh S 
Caulerpa crassifolia f. mexicana (Sonder ex Kützing) J.Agardh S 
Caulerpa crassifolia f. pectinata (Kützing) Collins S 
Caulerpa crassifolia f. exposita Børgesen S 
Caulerpa crassifolia f. laxior (Weber-van Bosse) Collins C 
Caulerpa cupressoides var. elegans (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) Børgesen C 
Caulerpa cupressoides var. mamillosa f. nuda Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa cupressoides f. amicorum Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa cupressoides var. typica Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa cupressoides (Vahl) C.Agardh C 
Caulerpa cupressoides var. lycopodium Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa cupressoides f. amicorum (Harvey) Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa cupressoides f. disticha Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa cupressoides f. elegans (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa cupressoides var. mamillosa (Montagne) Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa cupressoides f. alternifolia (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa cupressoides var. plumarioides Børgesen C 
Caulerpa cupressoides var. serrata (Kützing) Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa cupressoides var. turneri Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa cupressoides var. ericifolia (Turner) Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa cupressoides var. flabellata Børgesen C 
Caulerpa cupressoides f. intermedia Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa cupressoides f. nuda Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa cupressoides f. mamillosa Unknown authorities C 
Caulerpa cupressoides f. gardineri Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa cupressoides var. disticha Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa cupressoides f. denudata Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa cupressoides var. urvilleana (Montagne) L.M.Hodgson, P.H. Tri, K.Lewmanomont & K.J. McDermid S 
Caulerpa cylindracea Sonder C 
Caulerpa cylindracea var. laxa (Greville) J.Agardh S 
Caulerpa cylindracea var. macra Harvey S 
Caulerpa decomposita R.Brown in herb. Ag. S 
Caulerpa delicatula Grunow C 
Caulerpa denticulata Decaisne C 
Caulerpa denticulata var. intermedia (Weber-van Bosse) M.J.Wynne C 
Caulerpa dichotoma Svedelius C 
Caulerpa diligulata Kraft & A.J.K.Millar C 
Caulerpa distichophylla Sonder S 
Caulerpa ellistoniae Womersley C 
Caulerpa elongata Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa elongata f. disticha W.R.Taylor C 
Caulerpa ericifolia (Turner) C.Agardh S 
Caulerpa ethelae Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa falcifolia Harvey & J.W.Bailey S 
Caulerpa faridii Nizamuddin C 
Caulerpa fastigiata Montagne C 
Caulerpa fastigiata var. confervoides P.Crouan & H.Crouan ex Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa fastigiata f. minor Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa fastigiata f. delicatula Thivy & Visalakshmi C 
Caulerpa feldmannii Rayss & Edelstein S 
Caulerpa fergusonii G.Murray C 
Caulerpa filicoides Yamada C 
Caulerpa filicoides var. andamanensis W.R.Taylor S 
Caulerpa filiformis (Suhr) Hering C 
Caulerpa filiformis var. latior K.Hering C 
Caulerpa filiformis var. palmata Hering C 
Caulerpa filiformis J.Agardh S 
Caulerpa fissidentoides Greville S 
Caulerpa flagelliformis var. ligulata Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa flexilis J.V.Lamouroux ex C.Agardh C 
Caulerpa flexilis var. muelleri (Sonder) Womersley C 
Caulerpa floridana W.R.Taylor C 
Caulerpa freycinetii C.Agardh S 
Caulerpa freycinetii f. angusta Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa freycinetii f. lata Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa freycinetii f. spiralis Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa freycinetii f. longidentata Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa freycinetii f. serrulata (Forsskål) Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa freycinetii var. integerrima Zanardini S 
Caulerpa freycinetii var. typica Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa freycinettii var. pectinata Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa freycinettii var. [debaryana] f. occidentalis Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa furcifolia J.D.Hooker & Harvey S 
Caulerpa geminata Harvey C 
Caulerpa harveyana Küzing S 
Caulerpa harveyi var. crispata Harvey S 
Caulerpa harveyi F.Müller ex Harvey C 
Caulerpa hedleyi Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa heterophylla I.R.Price, J.M.Huisman & M.A.Borowitzka C 
Caulerpa hodkinsoniae J.Agardh C 
Caulerpa holmesiana G.Murray C 
Caulerpa hummii Díaz-Piferrer S 
Caulerpa hypnoides C.Agardh S 
Caulerpa hypnoides var. muelleri (Sonder) Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa hypnoides var. flexilis (J.V.Lamouroux ex C.Agardh) Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa hypnoides f. antarctica V.J.Chapman C 
Caulerpa imbricata G.Murray S 
Caulerpa imbricata f. minor Svedelius C 
Caulerpa imbricata f. mixta Svedelius C 
Caulerpa integerrima (Zanardini) M.J.Wynne, Verbruggen & D.L.Angel C 
Caulerpa juniperoides J.Agardh C 
Caulerpa kempfii A.B.Joly & S.M.B.Pereira C 
Caulerpa kilneri J.Agardh S 
Caulerpa laetevirens Montagne S 
Caulerpa laetevirens f. laxa (Greville) Svedelius S 
Caulerpa laetevirens f. depauperata Svedelius C 
Caulerpa laetivirens f. caespitosa Svedelius C 
Caulerpa lagara Carruthers, Walker & Huisman C 
Caulerpa lamourouxii (Turner) C.Agardh C 
Caulerpa lanuginosa J.Agardh C 
Caulerpa lanuginosa var. delicatula (Grunow) P.C.Silva S 
Caulerpa laxa Greville S 
Caulerpa lentillifera J.Agardh C 
Caulerpa lentillifera var. compacta Trono & Ang C 
Caulerpa lentillifera var. kilneri (J.Agardh) Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa lentillifera var. longistipitata Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa lentillifera f. parvula Børgesen S 
Caulerpa lentillifera var. condensata Yamada C 
Caulerpa lessonii f. typica Svedelius S 
Caulerpa lessonii Bory C 
Caulerpa lessonii f. tuticorinensis Svedelius C 
Caulerpa ligulata Harvey ex J.Agardh S 
Caulerpa longifolia C.Agardh C 
Caulerpa longifolia f. crispata (Harvey) Womersley C 
Caulerpa longistipitata (Weber-van Bosse) Svedelius S 
Caulerpa lycopodium C.Agardh S 
Caulerpa lycopodium Harvey S 
Caulerpa lycopodium J.Agardh S 
Caulerpa lycopodium var. delicatula (Grunow) Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa macra (Weber-van Bosse) Draisma & Prud'homme C 
Caulerpa macrodisca Decaisne C 
Caulerpa macrophysa (Sonder ex Kützing) G.Murray S 
Caulerpa mamillosa Montagne S 
Caulerpa manorensis Nizamuddin C 
Caulerpa matsueana Yamada C 
Caulerpa mauritiana Børgesen S 
Caulerpa megadisca Belton & Gurgel C 
Caulerpa mexicana f. exposita (Børgesen) Coppejans C 
Caulerpa mexicana Sonder ex Kützing C 
Caulerpa mexicana var. pluriseriata W.R.Taylor C 
Caulerpa mexicana f. pectinata (Kützing) W.R.Taylor C 
Caulerpa mexicana f. vietnamica Pham-Hoàng Hô C 
Caulerpa mexicana f. laxior (Weber-van Bosse) W.R.Taylor C 
Caulerpa mexicana f. indica M.Umamaheswara Rao C 
Caulerpa microphysa (Weber-van Bosse) Feldmann C 
Caulerpa muelleri Sonder S 
Caulerpa murrayi Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa najadiformis Bory ex Kützing S 
Caulerpa nummularia Harvey ex J.Agardh C 
Caulerpa obscura Sonder C 
Caulerpa obscura f. sonderi (Mueller) Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa obtusa J.V.Lamouroux S 
Caulerpa okamurae Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa okamurae f. oligophylla Okamura C 
Caulerpa oligophylla Montagne C 
Caulerpa ollivieri Dostál S 
Caulerpa opposita Coppejans & Meinesz C 
Caulerpa palmata Hering S 
Caulerpa papillosa J.Agardh C 
Caulerpa parvifolia Harvey C 
Caulerpa parvula Svedelius C 
Caulerpa paspaloides (Bory) Greville C 
Caulerpa paspaloides f. flabellata Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa paspaloides var. compressa (Weber-van Bosse) M.Howe C 
Caulerpa paspaloides var. laxa Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa paspaloides var. phleoides (Bory) J.Agardh S 
Caulerpa paspaloides var. wurdemannii Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa paspaloides f. phyllaphlaston (G.Murray) Weber-van Bosse P 
Caulerpa paspaloides f. compressa Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa paspaloides var. minima Humm & S.E.Taylor C 
Caulerpa paspaloides f. phyllaphlaston (G.Murray) Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa paspaloides f. phleoides (Bory) Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa pectinata Kützing S 
Caulerpa peltata J.V.Lamouroux S 
Caulerpa peltata var. nummularia (Harvey ex J.Agardh) Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa peltata var. macrodisca (Decaisne) Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa peltata f. imbricata (G.Murray) Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa peltata var. stellata (Harvey ex J.Agardh) Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa peltata var. exigua Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa peltata f. exigua (Weber-van Bosse) Reinke S 
Caulerpa pennata J.Agardh C 
Caulerpa pennata J.V.Lamouroux S 
Caulerpa phyllaphlaston G.Murray S 
Caulerpa pickeringii Harvey & Bailey S 
Caulerpa pinnata f. mexicana (Sonder ex Kützing) Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa pinnata f. laxior Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa pinnata f. pectinata (Kützing) Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa pinnata C.Agardh C 
Caulerpa plumaris (Forsskål) C.Agardh S 
Caulerpa plumaris var. elegans P.Crouan & H.Crouan S 
Caulerpa plumaris var. brevipes J.Agardh S 
Caulerpa plumaris var. longipes J.Agardh S 
Caulerpa plumaris var. longiseta Bory S 
Caulerpa plumaris f. umbellata Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa plumaris f. farlowii Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa plumulifera Zanardini C 
Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) J.V.Lamouroux C - type
Caulerpa prolifera f. obovata (J.Agardh) Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa prolifera f. zosterifolia Børgesen C 
Caulerpa prolifera var. obovata J.Agardh S 
Caulerpa pusilla var. mucronata A.B.Joly & Sazima C 
Caulerpa pusilla (Kützing) J.Agardh C 
Caulerpa qureshii Nizamuddin C 
Caulerpa racemosa (Forsskål) J.Agardh C 
Caulerpa racemosa f. requienii (Montagne) Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa racemosa var. clavifera (Turner) Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa racemosa f. microphysa Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa racemosa f. reducta Børgesen C 
Caulerpa racemosa var. laetevirens (Montagne) Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa racemosa var. lamourouxii (Turner) Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa racemosa var. occidentalis (J.Agardh) Børgesen S 
Caulerpa racemosa var. peltata (J.V.Lamouroux) Eubank S 
Caulerpa racemosa var. turbinata (J.Agardh) Eubank S 
Caulerpa racemosa var. macrophysa (Sonder ex Kützing) W.R.Taylor C 
Caulerpa racemosa f. condensata Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa racemosa var. uvifera (C.Agardh) J.Agardh S 
Caulerpa racemosa var. chemnitzia (Esper) Weber-Van Bosse S 
Caulerpa racemosa var. corynephora (Montagne) Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa racemosa var. gracilis (Zanardini) Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa racemosa var. macra Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa racemosa var. macrodisca (Decaisne) Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa racemosa var. imbricata (Kjellman) Eubank S 
Caulerpa racemosa var. microphysa (Weber-van Bosse) Reinke S 
Caulerpa racemosa var. nummularia (Harvey ex J.Agardh) D.Dixit S 
Caulerpa racemosa f. cylindracea (Sonder) Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa racemosa f. laxa (Greville) Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa racemosa f. compressa Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa racemosa f. semifalcata V.D.Chauhan & Thivy C 
Caulerpa racemosa f. simplicissima Børgesen C 
Caulerpa racemosa f. intermedia Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa racemosa f. complanata (J.Agardh) Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa racemosa var. intermediata P.Anand C 
Caulerpa racemosa f. macrophysa (Sonder ex Kützing) Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa racemosa f. occidentalis (J.Agardh) Nizamuddin S 
Caulerpa racemosa f. turbinata (J.Agardh) Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa racemosa var. zeyheri (Kützing) Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa racemosa var. exigua (Weber-van Bosse) Eubank S 
Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea (Sonder) Verlaque, Huisman & Boudouresque S 
Caulerpa racemosa var. disticha V.J.Chapman S 
Caulerpa racemosa var. laetevirens f. compressa W.R.Taylor C 
Caulerpa racemosa f. intermedia W.R.Taylor U 
Caulerpa racemosa var. mucronata L.N.de Senerpont Domis S 
Caulerpa racemosa f. macrophysa (Sonder ex Kützing) Svedelius S 
Caulerpa racemosa f. remota (Svedelius) Coppejans C 
Caulerpa racemosa var. imbricata (G.Murray) L.L. Eubank S 
Caulerpa racemosa f. vietnamensis A.D.Zinova & N.H.Dinh C 
Caulerpa racemosa f. macra Verlaque et al. S 
Caulerpa remotifolia Sonder C 
Caulerpa reniformis G.R.South & Skelton C 
Caulerpa reyesii Meñez & Calumpong C 
Caulerpa scalpelliformis (R.Brown ex Turner) C.Agardh C 
Caulerpa scalpelliformis var. denticulata (Decaisne) Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa scalpelliformis var. intermedia Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa scalpelliformis f. dwarkensis Børgesen C 
Caulerpa scalpelliformis f. denticulata (Decaisne) Svedelius S 
Caulerpa scalpelliformis f. intermedia (Weber-van Bosse) Svedelius S 
Caulerpa sedoides C.Agardh C 
Caulerpa sedoides f. crassicaulis (J.Agardh) Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa sedoides var. crassicaulis J.Agardh S 
Caulerpa sedoides f. geminata (Harvey) Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa sedoides var. geminata (Harvey) Harvey S 
Caulerpa sedoides f. mixta Svedelius C 
Caulerpa sedoides var. tasmanica J.Agardh C 
Caulerpa sedoides f. tasmanica Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa sedoides f. novaezelandiae V.J.Chapman C 
Caulerpa selago var. brownii C.Agardh S 
Caulerpa selago (Turner) C.Agardh C 
Caulerpa serrata Kützing S 
Caulerpa serrulata (Forsskål) J.Agardh C 
Caulerpa serrulata f. lata (Weber-van Bosse) C.K.Tseng C 
Caulerpa serrulata var. boryana (J.Agardh) Gilbert C 
Caulerpa serrulata f. occidentalis (Weber-van Bosse) Yamada & Tanaka P 
Caulerpa serrulata f. longifolia Gilbert C 
Caulerpa serrulata var. pectinata (Weber-van Bosse) W.R.Taylor C 
Caulerpa serrulata f. spiralis (Weber-van Bosse) Gilbert C 
Caulerpa serrulata f. angusta (Weber-van Bosse) Eubank C 
Caulerpa serrulata var. hummii (Díaz-Piferrer) Farghaly C 
Caulerpa serrulata var. [serrulata] f. torulosa (Weber-van Bosse) Coppejans, Leliaert & De Clerck P 
Caulerpa serrulata var. [boryana] f. occidentalis (Weber-van Bosse) Yamada & Tanaka C 
Caulerpa sertularioides (S.G.Gmelin) M.Howe C 
Caulerpa sertularioides f. longipes (J.Agardh) Collins C 
Caulerpa sertularioides f. brevipes (J.Agardh) Svedelius C 
Caulerpa sertularioides f. longiseta (Bory) Svedelius C 
Caulerpa sertularioides f. farlowii (Weber-van Bosse) Børgesen C 
Caulerpa sertularioides f. flagellata (Weber-van Bosse) Weber-van Bosse P 
Caulerpa sertularioides f. umbellata (Weber-van Bosse) Svedelius C 
Caulerpa sertularioides var. longipes (J.Agardh) Collins P 
Caulerpa sertularioides var. longiseta (Bory) Svedelius C 
Caulerpa sertularioides f. typica Børgesen S 
Caulerpa sertularioides f. corymbosa W.R.Taylor C 
Caulerpa seuratii f. major Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa seuratii f. minor Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa seuratii Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa simplex Levring S 
Caulerpa simpliciuscula (R.Brown ex Turner) C.Agardh C 
Caulerpa simpliciuscula var. vesiculifera Harvey S 
Caulerpa simpliciuscula var. laxa Womersley P 
Caulerpa sonderi F.Müller S 
Caulerpa spathulata Womersley & A.Bailey C 
Caulerpa stahlii Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa stellata Harvey ex J.Agardh S 
Caulerpa subserrata Okamura C 
Caulerpa tateyamaensis Yendo S 
Caulerpa taxifolia (M.Vahl) C.Agardh C 
Caulerpa taxifolia f. asplenoides (Greville) Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa taxifolia var. crassifolia C.Agardh S 
Caulerpa taxifolia f. interrupta Svedelius C 
Caulerpa taxifolia f. tristichophylla Svedelius C 
Caulerpa taxifolia var. falcifolia (Harvey & J.W.Bailey) W.R.Taylor C 
Caulerpa taxifolia var. distichophylla (Sonder) Verlaque, Huisman & Procaccini C 
Caulerpa taxifolia f. typica Svedelius S 
Caulerpa tenella Harvey S 
Caulerpa tomentella Harvey ex J.Agardh S 
Caulerpa tongaensis Papenfuss C 
Caulerpa triangularis Mazé & Schramm S 
Caulerpa trifaria Harvey C 
Caulerpa tristicha J.Agardh S 
Caulerpa urvilleana Montagne C 
Caulerpa urvilleana var. vitiensis Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa urvilleana f. tristicha (J.Agardh) Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa urvilleana f. serrata (Sonder) Weber-van Bosse P 
Caulerpa uvifera C.Agardh S 
Caulerpa uvifera f. compressa (Weber-van Bosse) Svedelius S 
Caulerpa uvifera f. intermedia (Weber-van Bosse) Svedelius C 
Caulerpa uvifera f. planiuscula Svedelius C 
Caulerpa vanbosseae Setchell & N.L.Gardner C 
Caulerpa vanbosseae Papenfuss S 
Caulerpa veravalensis Thivy & V.D.Chauhan C 
Caulerpa verticillata J.Agardh C 
Caulerpa verticillata f. charoides Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa verticillata f. acuta Yamada S 
Caulerpa vesiculifera (Harvey) Harvey C 
Caulerpa vickersiae Børgesen S 
Caulerpa vickersiae var. furcifolia W.R.Taylor S 
Caulerpa vickersiae var. luxurians W.R.Taylor S 
Caulerpa vieillardii Kützing C 
Caulerpa vitifolia (Bonpland) J.V.Lamouroux C 
Caulerpa webbiana f. disticha Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulerpa webbiana f. elegans Yamada & Tanaka C 
Caulerpa webbiana f. tomentella (Harvey ex J.Agardh) Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa webbiana Montagne C 
Caulerpa webbiana var. pickeringii (Harvey & Bailey) Eubank C 
Caulerpa webbiana f. divergens (J.Agardh) Weber-van Bosse C 
Caulerpa webbiana var. divergens J.Agardh S 
Caulerpa webbiana f. disticha Vickers C 
Caulerpa zeyheri Kützing C 

References
Famá, P., Wysor, B., Kooistra, W.H.C.F. & Zuccarello, G.C. (2002). Molecular phylogeny of the genus Caulerpa (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta) inferred from chloroplast tufA gene. Journal of Phycology 38: 1040-1050.

Sauvage, T., Payri, C., Draisma, S.G.A., Prud'homme van Reine, W.F., Verbruggen, H., Belton, G.S., Gurgel, F.D., Gabriel, D., Sherwood, A.R. & Fredericq, S. (2013). Molecular diversity of the Caulerpa racemosa-Caulerpa peltata complex (Caulerpaceae, Bryopsidales) in New Caledonia, with new Australasian records for C. racemosa var. cylindracea. Phycologia 52(1): 6-13.

Draisma, S.G.A., van Reine, W.F.P., Sauvage, T., Belton, G.S., Gurgel, C.F.D., Lim, P.E. & Phang, S.M. (2014). A re-assessment of the infra-generic classification of the genus Caulerpa (Caulerpaceae, Chlorophyta) inferred from a time-calibrated molecular phylogeny. Journal of Phycology 50(6): 1020-1034.

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Contributors
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.

Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.

Created: 28 December 2000 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 29 August 2011 by M.D. Guiry

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2017. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 August 2017.

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