148,171 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,269 images, 56,961 bibliographic items, 360,087 distributional records.

Padina Adanson, 1763, nom. cons.

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Dictyotophycidae
Order Dictyotales
Family Dictyotaceae
Tribe Zonarieae

Holotype species: Padina pavonica (Linnaeus) Thivy

Original publication and holotype designation: Adanson, M. (1763). Familles des plantes. II. Partie [Vol. 2]. pp. [1-24], [i-iii], [1]-640. Paris: Chez Vincent, Imprimeur-Librarie de Mgr le Comte de Provence, rue S. Servin.
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Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.

Gender: This genus name is currently treated as feminine.

Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Silberfeld, T., Rousseau, F. & Reviers, B. de (2014). An updated classification of brown algae (Ochrophyta, Phaeophyceae). Cryptogamie Algologie 35(2): 117-156.

Description: Thalli erect or prostrate, attached by a rhizoidal holdfast, up to 20 cm long, complanate, flabellate or becoming lacerate often to the base, segments 1-5cm broad, calcified on one or both surfaces. Growth initiated by an entire marginal row of apical cells in an involute apical fold, directed towards the upper (=inner) thallus surface. Thallus 2-8 cells thick. Whitish hairs in concentric lines on one of both thallus surfaces. Outermost layer of cortical cells with many discoid chloroplasts. Sporangial sori forming concentric rows or isolated patches between the hair lines on one or both thallus surfaces, indusium present or absent. Sporangia ovoid to pyriform, 80-170 mm high when mature, producing 4 spores. Gametophytes usually dioecious, or monoecious in some species. Oogonial sori in concentric rows. Oogonia arranged in rows in sorus. Antheridial sori whitish, in concentric rows or in isolated patches, partially embedded in the thallus, with many tiers of locules. Padina species are delimited by the number of cell layers, the arrangement of sporangial sori in relation to concentric hair bands, presence/absence of hair bands on the lower thallus surface and the presence/absence of an indusium over sporangial sori. Critical re-evaluation may reduce the number of species recognized. Widely distributed in tropical to temperate seas.

Information contributed by: J. A. Phillips and R. J. King. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 19 Oct 2015 by M.D. Guiry.

NCBI Nucleotide Sequences

Numbers of names and species: There are 74 species (and infraspecific) names in the database at present, of which 52 have been flagged as currently accepted taxonomically.

Names: ('C' indicates a name that is currently accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):

Padina afaqhusainii Aisha & Shameel C 
Padina antillarum (Kützing) Piccone C 
Padina arborescens Holmes C 
Padina atomaria (Woodward) Montagne S 
Padina australis var. cuneata Tak.Tanaka & K.Nozawa C 
Padina australis Hauck C 
Padina boergesenii Allender & Kraft C 
Padina boryana Thivy C 
Padina calcarea Ni-Ni-Win, S.G.A.Draisma, W.F.Prud'homme van Reine & H.Kawai C 
Padina caulescens Thivy C 
Padina collaris (C.Agardh) Grevile S 
Padina commersonii Bory S 
Padina concrescens Thivy C 
Padina condominium Kraft C 
Padina crassa Yamada S 
Padina crispata Thivy C 
Padina distromatica Hauck C 
Padina ditristromatica Ni-Ni-Win & H.Kawai C 
Padina dubia Hauck C 
Padina durvillei Bory Saint-Vincent C 
Padina durvillei f. obscura Piccone C 
Padina elegans Koh ex Womersley C 
Padina fasciata Ni-Ni-Win, M.Uchimura & H.Kawai C 
Padina fernandeziana Skottsberg & Levring C 
Padina fraseri (Greville) Greville C 
Padina glabra Gaillard C 
Padina gymnospora (Kützing) Sonder C 
Padina haitiensis Thivy C 
Padina interrupta (Lamouroux) Bory S 
Padina ishigakiensis Ni-Ni-Win, S.Arai, M.Uchimura & H.Kawai C 
Padina jamaicensis (Collins) Papenfuss S 
Padina japonica Yamada C 
Padina jonesii Tsuda C 
Padina lobata Greville S 
Padina macrophylla Ni-Ni-Win, M.Uchimura & H.Kawai C 
Padina maroensis Ni-Ni-Win, I.A.Abbott & H.Kawai C 
Padina mediterranea Bory S 
Padina melemele I.A.Abbott & Magruder C 
Padina mexicana E.Y.Dawson C 
Padina mexicana var. erecta Avila-Ortíz C 
Padina minor Yamada C 
Padina moffittiana Abbott & Huisman C 
Padina nizamuddinii Aisha & M.Shameel C 
Padina okinawaensis Ni-Ni-Win, S.Arai & H.Kawai C 
Padina omphalodes Montagne S 
Padina parvula (Greville) Zanardini S 
Padina pavonia var. gymnosperma Sonder C 
Padina pavonia var. fraseri (Greville) Dickie S 
Padina pavonia (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux S 
Padina pavonia var. lacerata Sonder C 
Padina pavonica (Linnaeus) Thivy C - type
Padina pavonicoides Ni-Ni-Win & H.Kawai C 
Padina perindusiata Thivy C 
Padina phasiana Bory C 
Padina plumbea (Areschoug) Levring C 
Padina profunda S.A.Earle C 
Padina ramonribae Avila-Ortíz, Pedroche & Díaz-Martínez C 
Padina reptans P.Crouan & H.Crouan S 
Padina ryukyuana Y.P.Lee & Kamura C 
Padina sanctae-crucis Børgesen C 
Padina somalensis Hauck C 
Padina spanneri Meneghini S 
Padina stipitata Tanaka & Nozawa C 
Padina sulcata Ni-Ni-Win, S.G.A.Draisma & H.Kawai C 
Padina tenuis Bory S 
Padina terricolor Ni-Ni-Win, M.Uchimura & H.Kawai C 
Padina tetrastromatica Hauck C 
Padina thivyae Doty & Newhouse C 
Padina tristromatica Levring C 
Padina undulata Ni-Ni-Win, S.Arai & H.Kawai C 
Padina usoehtunii Ni-Ni-Win & H.Kawai C 
Padina vickersiae Hoyt S 
Padina xishaensis C.K.Tseng & Lu Baoren C 
Padina zonata Gaillon C 

References
Ni-Ni-Win, Hanyuda, T., Arai, S., Uchimura, M., Prathep, A., Draisma, S.G.A., Phang, S.M., Abbott, I.A., Millar, A.J.K. & Kawai, H. (2011). A taxonomic study of the genus Padina (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae) including the description of four new species from Japan, Hawaii, and the Andaman Sea. Journal of Phycology 47(5): 1193-1209.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

Contributors
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.

Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.

Created: 29 December 2000 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 19 October 2015 by M.D. Guiry

Linking to this page: http://algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=N39aea399388e08f6

Citing AlgaeBase
Please cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2017. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 26 May 2017.

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