Fucus norvegicus 1772
Fucus norvegicus Gunnerus 1772: 122, pl. III : fig. 4
Published in: Gunnerus, J.E. (1776 '1772'). Flora norvegica, observationibus praesertim oeconomicis panosque norvegici locupletata. Pars posterior, cum iconibus. pp. [i]- viii, -148, indices, pls I-IX. Hafnia [Copenhagen]: Impensis Frederici Christiani Pelt.
Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Chondrus crispus Stackhouse
Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), of or pertaining to Norway.
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.
Original description "F. n., fronde plana, sublineari, dichotomi, apicibus obtusis, hinc incurvis; divaricata purpurea. Rödtang. Hab. in oc. nostro."
Fucus norvegicus Gunnerus (1772: 122), which represents the species currently known as Chondrus crispus Stackhouse, was mistakenly applied by Turner (1802: 222) to the species currently known as Gymnogongrus crenulatus (Turner) J. Agardh (see Dixon & Irvine, 1977: 217).
This is a marine species.
Type locality: Norway (Gunnerus 1776: 122). Holotype: TRH Specimen 971.1 (without further data) (Jørgensen 2012: 1091). Notes: "Gunnerus did not refer to any particular specimen, restricting himself to a general comment that the species is common in Norwegian waters, but he referred to his own tab. III fig. 4 which clearly is based on specimen 971.1, the only one named Fucus norvegicus in his herbarium (without any data, but with a reference to the number of this species in the Flora). Foslie (1886) let J.G. Agardh make an anatomical study of this specimen which he regarded as the holotype, and Agardh confirmed that it belonged in Chondrus crispus. This is undoubtedly the illustrated specimen and accordingly the holotype." (Jørgensen 2012: 1091)
Source of current name
Foslie, M. (1886). Kritisk Fortegnelse over Norges Havsalger efter aeldre botaniske Arbeider indtil Aar 1850. Tromsø Museums Aarshefter 9: 85-137.
Dixon, P.S. & Irvine, L.M. (1977). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 1. Introduction, Nemaliales, Gigartinales. pp. [i]-xi, -252, 90 figs. London: British Museum (Natural History).
Jørgensen, P.M. (2012). New names in Gunnerus’s Flora Norvegica, and their typification. Taxon 65(5): 1088-1095, 8 figs.
Created: 28 September 1998 by M.D. Guiry
Verified by: 12 October 2020 by M.D. Guiry
Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2437 times since it was created.
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Linking to this page: http://algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=12347
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 January 2021.