Iridaea heterocarpa & 1840
Mazzaella heterocarpa (Postels & Ruprecht) Fredericq Choshi, Chiba Prefecture, Japan
© Yukihiko Serisawa (email@example.com)
Iridaea heterocarpa Postels & Ruprecht 1840: 18
Published in: Postels, A. & Ruprecht, F. (1840). Illustrationes algarum in itinere circum orbem jussu imperatoris Nicolai I. Atque auspiciis navarchi Friderici Lütke annis 1826, 1827, 1828 et 1829 celoce Seniavin exsecuto in Oceano pacifico, inprimis septemtrionale ad littora rossica asiatico-americana collectarum. pp. [i-vi ], [i]- iv, 1-28 [1-2, index], [Latin:] [-iv], -22, [1-2, index], 40 pls. Petropoli [St. Petersburg]: Typis Eduardi Pratz.
Publication date: Nov-Dec 1840 [TL-2]
Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Chondrus crispus Stackhouse
Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), literally, different fruit.
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.
According to Hughey, Silva & Hommersand (2001), the type of Iridaea heterocarpa P. et R. [Mazzaella heterocarpa (P. et R.) Fred.] represents the tetrasporangial phase of a species of Chondrus, possibly C. crispus Stackh. An ITS 1 sequence of the type of I. heterocarpa from Kamchatka, Russia differed from that of C. crispus Stackh. from England and Connecticut and from C. platynus (C. Ag.) J. Ag. from the Sea of Okhotsk, Russia by 1 bp. They also conclude that plants attributed to I. heterocarpa in Alaska belong primarily in M. phyllocarpa (P. et R.) Perest and those distributed from southern Alaska to southern California belong in M. oregona (Doty) Hughey, P.C. Silva & Hommersand.
This is a marine species.
Type locality: In oceano pacifico septemtrionale (Postels & Ruprecht 1840: 18). Type: LE (Hommersand, Guiry, Fredericq & Leister 1993: 110). Notes: Type locality: Kamchatka, Russia (Hughey et al. 2001: 1093).
Source of current name
Hughey, J.R., Silva, P.C. & Hommersand, M.H. (2001). Solving taxonomic and nomenclatural problems in Pacific Gigartinaceae (Rhodophyta) using DNA from type material. Journal of Phycology 37: 1091-1109.
Hollenberg, G.J. & Abbott, I.A. (1966). Supplement to Smith's marine algae of the Monterey Peninsula. pp. [i]-ix [xii], -130, 53 figs. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Hommersand, M.H., Guiry, M.D., Fredericq, S. & Leister, G.L. (1993). New perspectives in the taxonomy of the Gigartinaceae (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 14: 105-120, 41 figs.
Created: 04 January 1999 by M.D. Guiry
Verified by: 04 January 2011 by M.D. Guiry
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Linking to this page: http://algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=14838
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 January 2021.