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Staurastrum arachne Ralfs ex Ralfs 1848

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Streptophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Charophyta
Class Zygnematophyceae
Subclass Zygnematophycidae
Order Desmidiales
Family Desmidiaceae
Genus Staurastrum

Pictures

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Staurastrum arachne Ralfs ex Ralfs
Side views. Collected by Ingrid Jüttner, Lough Cluain, Galway, Ireland.. 15 Feb 2013. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Staurastrum arachne Ralfs ex Ralfs
Apical views. Collected by Ingrid Jüttner, Lough Cluain, Galway, Ireland.. 15 Feb 2013. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Staurastrum arachne Ralfs ex Ralfs
Apical views. Loch Gower, South Ayrshire , Scotland.. 22 Apr 2009. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Staurastrum arachne Ralfs ex Ralfs
Side views. Loch Gower, South Ayrshire , Scotland.. 22 Apr 2009. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Staurastrum arachne Ralfs ex Ralfs
Side view at central plane. Loch Gower, South Ayrshire , Scotland.. 22 Apr 2009. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

 

Sargassum mertensii Endlicher

Staurastrum arachne Ralfs ex Ralfs Side view at central plane. Loch Gower, South Ayrshire , Scotland.
© C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com)

Publication details
Staurastrum arachne Ralfs ex Ralfs 1848: 136, pl. XXIII [23]: fig. 6

Published in: Ralfs, J. (1848). The British Desmidieae. pp. [i]-xxii, [i], [1]-226, pls I-XXXV. London: Reeve, Benham & Reeve.
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Publication date: 1 Jan 1848

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Staurastrum is Staurastrum paradoxum Meyen ex Ralfs.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Bicudo, C.E.M., Faustino, S.M.M & Godinho, L.R. (2018). Flora ficológica de Estado de São Paulo. Vol. 4, parte 4. Zygnemaphyceae. pp. [i-viii], [1]-320, 504 figs. São Paulo: TRiMa: FAPESP.

Brook, A.J., Williamson, D.B. & John, D.M. (2011). Phylum Chlorophyta. Suborder Desmidiineae. In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 636-741. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Coesel, P.F.M. & Meesters, J. (2013). European flora of the desmid genera Staurastrum and Staurodesmus. pp. [1]-357, 5 text-figs, 120 pls. Zeist: KNNV Publishing.

Coesel, P.F.M. & Meesters, K.[J.] (2007). Desmids of the Lowlands Mesotaeniaceae and Desmidaceae of the European Lowlands. pp. [1]-351, 20 text-figs, 123 pls. Zeist: KNNV Publishing.

Kouwets, F.A.C. (1999). A check-list of desmids (Chlorophyta, Zygnemaphyceae) of France. Patrimoines Natureles 41: 1-148.

Palamar-Mordvintseva, G.M. (1982). Opredelitel' presnovodnykh vodoroslei SSSR [Key to Freshwater Algae of the USSR. Vol. 11 Part 2.] Zelenye vodorosli. Klass Kon'yugaty. Poryadok Desmidievye. Chlorophyta, Desminiales (2). pp. [1]-619 [620], 163 pls. Leningrad: Nauka Leningradskoe otdelenie. [in Russian]

Petlovany, O.A. & Tsarenko, P.M. (2015 '2014'). Desmidiales. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 4: Charophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 61-448. Ruggell: Koeltz Scientific Books.

Skuja, H. (1956). Taxonomische und biologische Studien über das Phytoplankton schwedischer Binnengewässer. Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis, Series IV 16(3): 1-404, + 63 pls.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 08 September 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1062 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 27 September 2020.

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