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Peridinium bipes Stein

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Peridiniales
Family Peridiniaceae
Genus Peridinium

Pictures

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Peridinium bipes Stein
Yardley Chase, Northamptonshire, UK. BF image.. 29 Feb 2008. © C.F.Carter(chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk,com).

 

Scytosiphon lomentaria f. tortilis Yamada

Peridinium bipes Stein Yardley Chase, Northamptonshire, UK. BF image.

Publication details
Peridinium bipes Stein 1883: pl. XI: figs 7, 8

Published in: Stein, F. von (1883). Der Organismus der Infusionsthiere nach eigenen forschungen in systematischere Reihenfolge bearbeitet. III. Abtheilung. II. Hälfte die Naturgeschichte der Arthrodelen Flagellaten. pp. 1-30, pls I-XXV. Leipzig: Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Peridinium is Peridinium cinctum (O.F.Müller) Ehrenberg.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Peridinium bipes var. exisum Lemmermann 1900
Peridinium bipes var. ocultatum Lindemann 1918
Peridinium bipes f. tabulatum (Ehrenberg) Lefèvre 1932

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Type information
Type locality: aus den Teichen von Chodau (Silva 1996-to date).see above.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Peridinium bipes Stein)
Europe: Black Sea (Goméz & Boicenco 2004, BSPC Editorial Board 2014), Britain (Lewis & Dodge 2002, Whitton et al. 2003, John, Whitton & Brook 2011), France (Anon. 2017), Germany (Täuscher 2013, Täuscher 2014, Täuscher 2016), Netherlands (Veen et al. 2015), Romania (Caraus 2002, Caraus 2012, Caraus 2017), Slovakia (Hindák & Hindáková 2016), Sweden (Skuja 1948), Turkey (Europe) (Aysel 2005).

North America: Arkansas (Smith 2010), Québec (Poulin, Hamilton & Proulx 1995).

South America: Argentina (Tell 1985).

South-west Asia: Iraq (Maulood et al. 2013), Israel (Krakhmalny et al. 2000).

Asia: China (Hu & Wei 2006), Japan (Ki et al. 2011), Russia (Far East) (Medvedeva & Nikulina 2014), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014, Anon. 2012), Tajikistan (Barinova, Boboev & Hisoriev 2016).

South-east Asia: Singapore (Pham et al. 2011).

Australia and New Zealand: New South Wales (Day et al. 1995), New Zealand (Chang et al. 2012).

(as Peridinium bipes var. exisum Lemmermann)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Peridinium bipes var. ocultatum Lindemann)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Peridinium bipes f. tabulatum (Ehrenberg) Lefèvre)
Europe: Romania (Caraus 2002), Spain (Alvárez Cobelas 1984).

Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

Key references
Carty, S. (2014). Freshwater dinoflagellates of North America. pp. [i]-viii, [2], [1]-260, 153 figs. Ithaca & London: Comstock Publishing Associates. A division of Cornell University Press.

Hu, H. & Wei, Y. (2006). The freshwater algae of China. Systematics, taxonomy and ecology. pp. [4 pls of 16 figs], [i-iv], i-xv, 1-1023. China: www.sciencep.com.

Ki, J.-S., Park, M.-H. & Han, M.-S. (2011). Discriminative power of nuclear rDNA sequences for the DNA taxonomy of the dinoflagellate genus Peridinium (Dinophyceae). Journal of Phycology 47(2): 426-435.

Leaw, C.P., Lim, P.T., Ng, B.K., Cheah, M.Y., Ahmad, A. & Usup, G. (2005). Phylogenetic analysis of Alexandrium species and Pyrodinium bahamense (Dinophyceae) based on theca morphology and nuclear ribosomal gene sequence. Phycologia 44: 550-565.

Lindberg, K., Moestrup, Ø & Daugbjerg, N. (2005). Studies on woloszynskioid dinoflagellates I: Woloszynskia coronata re-examined using light and electron microscopy and partial LSU rDNA sequences, with description of Tovellia gen. nov. and Jadwigia gen. nov. (Tovelliaceae fam. nov.). Phycologia 44: 416-440.

Popovsky, J. & Pfiester, L.A. (1990). Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Vol. 6. Dinophyceae (Dinoflagellida). pp. 1-272. Jena & Stuttgart: Gustav Fischer.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 29 January 2015 by Wendy Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2911 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Ki, J.S., Cho, S.-Y. & Han, M.S. (2005). Analysis of small-subunit rDNA sequences obtained from Korean Peridinium bipes f. occultatum (Dinophyceae. Algae 20(1): 25-30, 2 figs, 2 tables.
Lee, J.J., Chang, S.H., Lee, J.H. & Lee, J.H. (2006). Morphology and ecology of Peridinium bipes var. occultatum Lindem. (Dinophyceae) forming freshwater red tides in Korean dam reservoirs. Algae 21(4): 433-443, 7 figs, 6 tables.
Park, H.-D. & Hayashi, H. (1993). Role of encystment and excystment of Peridinium bipes f. occulatum (Dinophyceae) in freshwater red tides in Lake Kizaki, Japan. Journal of Phycology 29(4): 435 -441, 11 figs, 1 table.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Wendy Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 27 April 2018.

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