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Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) J.V.Lamouroux

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Bryopsidales
Family Caulerpaceae
Genus Caulerpa

Pictures

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Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) J.V.Lamouroux
en su hábitat natural, Cuba. Foto: José Espinosa..

Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) J.V.Lamouroux
Mar Menor, Murcia, Spain. 19 Jul 2014. Isabel Rubio Perez. © marmenormarmayor.es.

Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) J.V.Lamouroux
Mar Menor, Murcia, Spain. 15 Aug 2014. Isabel Rubio Perez. © marmenormarmayor.es.

Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) J.V.Lamouroux
Madeira. Peter Wirtz. © Peter Wirtz (peterwirtz2004@yahoo.com ).

Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) J.V.Lamouroux
Otranto, Italy. Gianni Felicini. © Gianni Felicini (gfelih@alice.it).

Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) J.V.Lamouroux
Otranto, Italy. Gianni Felicini. © Gianni Felicini (gfelih@alice.it).

Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) J.V.Lamouroux
Haifa Bay, Israel. 15 Dec 2007. Razy Hoffman. © Razy Hoffman (razyho@hotmail.com).

 

Publication details
Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) J.V.Lamouroux 1809: 332

Published in: Lamouroux, J.V.F. (1809). Observations sur la physiologie des algues marines, et description de cinq nouveaux genres de cette famille. Nouveau Bulletin des Sciences, par la Société Philomathique de Paris 1: 330-333, fig. 2, pl. 6.
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Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Caulerpa.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus prolifer Forsskål

Type information
Type locality: Alexandria, Egypt (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 831). Lectotype (Eubank Egerod, 1952): (Draisma et al. 2014: 1031). Notes: Type: C, fide Børgesen, 1932: 14 (INA).

Infrageneric classification
Subgenus Caulerpa Section Caulerpa

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), producing offsets, bearing progeny as offshoots (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus prolifer Forsskål 1775

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Caulerpa ollivieri Dostál 1929

Usage notes
Commonly used in aquaria, to which it is well adapted.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Fucus prolifer Forsskål)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) J.V.Lamouroux)
Europe: Adriatic Sea (Giaccone 1978, Gallardo et al. 1993), Balearic Islands (Colmeiro, M. 1868, Barceló 1879-1881, Piccone 1889, Rodríguez y Femenías 1889, Buen 1905, Sauvageau 1914, Garcías 1919, Bellón 1921, Buen 1934, Navarro & Bellón 1945, Gómez Garreta 1983, Ribera Siguán 1983, Ribera Siguán & Gómez Garreta 1985, Gallardo et al. 1993, Ribera, Coloreu, Rodriguez Prieto & Ballesteros 1997, Box et al. 2010), Black Sea (Gallardo et al. 1993), Corsica (Boudouresque & Perret 1977, Coppejans 1979, Gallardo et al. 1993, Rodríguez Prieto, Boudouresque & Marcot-Coqueugniot 1993), France (Gallardo et al. 1993, Anon. 2017), Greece (Gerloff & Geissler 1974, Haritonidis & Tsekos 1976, Tsekos & Haritonidis 1977, Athanasiadis 1987, Gallardo et al. 1993, Tsirika & Haritonidis 2005, Tsiamis et al. ), Italy (Giaccone 1969, Feoli & Bressan 1972, Gallardo et al. 1993, Gallardo et al. 1993, Cecere et al. 1996, Furnari, Cormaci & Serio 1999, Rindi, Sartoni & Cinelli 2002), Malta (Price 1970), Portugal (Ardré 1970), Spain (Bellón 1921, Bellón 1940, Seoane-Camba 1965, Romero Martinengo & Romero Martinengo 1982, Barcelo & Seoane 1982, Pérez-Ruzafa & Honrubia 1984, Gallardo et al. 1985, Soto & Conde 1989, Pérez-Ruzafa 1990, Gallardo et al. 1993, Flores-Moya et al. 1995, Rueda & Salas 2003, Valera-Alvarez et al 2006, Terrados, J. & Marba, N. 2006, Pérez-Ruzafa et al. 2008, de los Santos, Pérez-Lloréns & Vergara 2009, Mercado et al. 2009, Hernández et al. 2010, Hernández et al. 2010, García-Sánchez et al. 2012, Pérez-Ruzafa et al. 2012, Vergara, J.J. et al. 2012), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo et al. 2016), Turkey (Europe) (Güven & Öztig 1971, Güner, Aysel, Sukatar & Öztürk 1985, Gallardo et al. 1993, Zeybek, Güner & Aysel 1993, Taskin et al. 2008 ), Veneto (Sfriso 2011).

Atlantic Islands: Bermuda (Taylor 1960, Schneider 2003), Canary Islands (Børgesen 1925, Gil-Rodríguez & Afonso-Carrillo 1980, Gonzalez Henriquez & Santos Guerra 1983, Haroun Trabaue et al. 1985, Gil-Rodriguez, Afonso-Carrillo & Wildpret de la Torre 1987, Haroun et al. 2002, Moreira-Reyes et al 2003, Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, John et al. 2004, Hernández-González et al. 2004a, Hernández-González et al. 2004b, Barberá et al 2005, Barquín-Diez et al. 2005, Moreira-Reyes, Soler-Onís & Gil-Rodríguez 2005, Anon. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014), Cape Verde Islands (John et al. 2004, Prud'homme van Reine, Haroun & Kostermans 2005), Madeira (Levring 1974, Neto, Cravo & Haroun 2001, Haroun et al. 2002, John et al. 2004).

North America: Florida (Taylor 1960, Dawes 1974, Schneider & Searles 1991, Lam & Zechman 2006, Littler, Littler & Hanisak 2008), Mexico (Taylor 1960, Robledo & Freile-Pelegrín 2005, Tussenbroek et al. 2006), Mexico (Caribbean) (Taylor 1972), North Carolina (Taylor 1960, Schneider & Searles 1991), Texas (Wynne 2009, Lehman 2013).

Central America: Panama (Wysor & Kooistra 2003).

Caribbean Islands: Bahamas (Taylor 1960), Barbados (Taylor 1960), Caribbean (Littler & Littler 2000), Cuba (Taylor 1960, Cabrera, Moreira & Suárez 2004, Suárez 2005, Suárez, Martínez-Daranas & Alfonso 2014), Jamaica (Taylor 1960), Lesser Antilles (Taylor 1960, Taylor 1969), Martinique (Rodríguez-Prieto, Michanek & Ivon 1999, Delnatte & Wynne 2016), Puerto Rico (Taylor 1960), St. Eustatius and/or Saba (Van der Loos et al. 2017), Virgin Islands (Taylor 1960).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

South America: Brazil (Taylor 1930, Taylor 1960, Oliveira Filho 1977, Moura 2010), Colombia (Taylor 1960, Schnetter 1969), Venezuela (Taylor 1960, Ganesan 1990).

Africa: Algeria (Gallardo et al. 1993, Bachir Bouiadjra et al. 2010), Egypt (Papenfuss 1968 , Aleem 1993, Gallardo et al. 1993), Libya (Gallardo et al. 1993), Morocco (Gallardo et al. 1993, Benhissoune, Boudouresque & Verlaque 2001, Benhissoune, Boudouresque & Verlaque 2001), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) (Oliveira, Österlund & Mtolera 2005), Tunisia (Meñez & Mathieson 1981, Ben Maiz, Boudouresque & Quahchi 1987, Gallardo et al. 1993).

South-west Asia: Cyprus (Taskin et al. 2013, Tsiamis et al. 2014), Israel (Nemlich & Danin 1964, Einav 2007, Einav & Israel 2008, Ukabi et al. 2014), Lebanon (Lakkis 2013), Levant states (Gallardo et al. 1993), Turkey (Asia) (Taskin et al. 2008 ).

Asia: China (Liu 2008).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Famà, Wysor, Kooistra & Zuccarello 2002, Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2014), Malaysia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Philippines (Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987, Ang, Sin Man Leung & Mei Mei Choi 2014).

(as Caulerpa ollivieri Dostál)
Europe: Balearic Islands (Gallardo et al. 1993), France (Gallardo et al. 1993, Anon. 2017), Turkey (Europe) (Güven & Öztig 1971, Güner, Aysel, Sukatar & Öztürk 1985, Gallardo et al. 1993, Zeybek, Güner & Aysel 1993, Taskin et al. 2008 ).

South-west Asia: Turkey (Asia) (Taskin et al. 2008 ).

Key references
Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., & Alongi, G. (2014). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Chlorophyta. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali di Catania 47: 11-436.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Draisma, S.G.A., van Reine, W.F.P., Sauvage, T., Belton, G.S., Gurgel, C.F.D., Lim, P.E. & Phang, S.M. (2014). A re-assessment of the infra-generic classification of the genus Caulerpa (Caulerpaceae, Chlorophyta) inferred from a time-calibrated molecular phylogeny. Journal of Phycology 50(6): 1020-1034.

Famá, P., Wysor, B., Kooistra, W.H.C.F. & Zuccarello, G.C. (2002). Molecular phylogeny of the genus Caulerpa (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta) inferred from chloroplast tufA gene. Journal of Phycology 38: 1040-1050.

Funk, G. (1955). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Meeresalgen von Neapel: Zugleich mikrophotographischer Atlas. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli 25(Suppl.): i-x , 1-178, 36 figs.

Gonzalez Henriquez, N. & Santos Guerra, A. (1983). El genero Caulerpa Lamouroux en Las Islas Canarias. Botanica Macaronesica 11: 3-24.

Lam, D.W. & Zechman, F.W. (2006). Phylogenetic analyses of the Bryopsidales (Ulvophyceae, Chlorophyta) based on RUBISCO large subunit gene sequences. Journal of Phycology 42: 669-678.

Nizamuddin, M. (1991). The green marine algae of Libya. pp. 1-230. Bern: El-Faateh University, Department of Botany.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Sfriso, A. (2011). Chlorophyta multicellulari e fanerogame acquatiche. Ambiente di transizione italiani e litorali adiacenti. pp. [1]-318, pls 1-94. Bologna: Arpa Emilia-Romagna.

Stam, W.T., Olsen, J.L., Zaleski, S.F., Murray, S.N., Brown, K.R. & Walters, L.J. (2006). A forensic and phylogenetic survey of Caulerpa species (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta) from the Florida coast, local aquarium shops, and e-commerce: establishing a proactive baseline for early detection. Journal of Phycology 42: 1113-1124.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Ukabi, S., Shemesh, E., Dubinsky, Z, Hershkovits, G. & Israel, A. (2014). Molecular authentication of Caulerpa (Chlorophyta) species along the eastern (Israeli) Mediterranean shores. Botanica Marina 57(1): 67-71.

Zinova, A.D. (1967). Opredelitel zelenikh, burikh i krasnich odoroslei juzhnikh morei SSSR [Guide to the green, brown and red algae of the southern seas of USSR]. pp. 1-398. Moscow, Leningrad: Academia Nauk.

Created: 12 April 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 29 March 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 18997 times since it was created.

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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)




Boudouresque, Ch.-F., Rodríguez Prieto, C. & Arrighi, F. (1993). Place de Caulerpa prolifera (Chlorophyta) dans les preferences alimentaires de l'oursin Paracentrotus lividus. Trav. sci. Parc nat. rég. Rés. nat. Corse, Fr. 41: 41-51.
Box, A., Sureda, A., Tauler, P., Terrados, J., Marba, N., Pons, A. & Deudero, S. (2010). Seasonality of caulerpenyne content in native Caulerpa prolifera and invasive C. taxifolia and C. racemosa var. cylindraceae in western Mediterranean Sea. Botanica Marina 53(4): 367-375.
Chen, J.C.W. & Jacobs, W.P. (1966). Quantitative study of development of the giant coenocyte, Caulerpa prolifera. American Journal of Botany 53: 413-423.
Dawes, C.J. & Barilotti, D.C. (1969). Cytoplasmic organization and rhythmic streaming in growing blades of Caulerpa prolifera. American Journal of Botany 56: 8-15.
Dawes, C.J. & Rhamstine, E.L. (1967). An ultrastructural study of the giant green algal coenocyte, Caulerpa prolifera. Journal of Phycology 3: 117-126.
Dawes, C.J. (1971). INdole-3-acetic acid in the green algal coenocyte Caulerpa prolifera (Chlorophyceae, Siphonales). Phycologia 10: 375-379.
Dawes, C.J. (1972). Indole-3-acetic acid in the green algal coenocyte Caulerpa prolifera (Chlorophyceae, Siphonales). Phycologia 10: 375-379, 3 tables.
Del Río, L., Vidal, J., Betancor, S. & Tuya, F. (2016). Differences in herbivory intensity between the seagrass Cymodocea nodosa and the green alga Caulerpa prolifera inhabiting the same habitat. Aquatic Botany 128: 8-57.
García-Sánchez, M., Korbee, N., Pérez-Ruzafa, I.M., Marcos, C., Domínguez, B., Figueroa, F.L. & Pérez-Ruzafa, A. (2012). Physiological response and photoacclimation capacity of Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) J.V.Lamouroux and Cymodocea nodosa (Ucria) Ascherson meadows in the Mar Menor lagoon (SE Spain). Mar. Environ Res. 79: 37-47.
Jacobs, W. P. (1958). Experiments on the growth and differentiation of the giant siphonaceous alga, Caulerpa prolifera. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 3: 12.
Jacobs, W.P. (1964). Rhizoid production and regeneration of Caulerpa prolifera. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli 34: 185-196.
Leech, R.M. (1962). The isolation of chloroplasts from Caulerpa prolifera. British Phycological Bulletin 2: 184-185.
Meinesz, A. (1979). Contribution à l'étude de Caulerpa prolifera (Forskål) Lamouroux (Chlorophycée, Caulerpale). I - Morphogénèse et croissance dans une station des côtes continentales françaises de la Méditerranée. Botanica Marina 22: 27-39.
Meinesz, A. (1979). Contribution à l'étude de Caulerpa prolifera (Forskål) Lamouroux (Chlorophycée, Caulerpale). III - Biomasse et productivité primaire dans une station des côtes continentales françaises de la Méditerranée. Botanica Marina 22: 123-127.
Pérez-Ruzafa, A., Marcos, C., Bernal, C.M., Quintino, V., Freitas, R., Rodrigues, A.M., García-Sánchez, M. & Pérez-Ruzafa, I.M. (2012). Cymodocea nodosa vs. Caulerpa prolifera: Causes and consequences of a long term history of interaction in macrophyte meadows in the mar Menor coastal lagoon (Spain, Southwestern Mediterranean). Est. Coastal Shelf. Sci 110: 101-115.
Rueda, S.L. & Salas, C. (2003). Seasonal variation of a molluscan assemblage living in a Caulerpa prolifera meadow within the inner Bay of Cádiz (SW Spain). Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 57: 909-918.
Sabnis, D.D. (1969). Observations on the ultrastructure of the coenocytic marine alga Caulerpa prolifera, with particular reference to some unusual cytoplasmic components. Phycologia 7: 24-42, 11 figs.
Sanchiz, C., García-Carrascosa, A.M. & Pastor, A. (1999). Bioaccumulation of Hg, Cd, Pb and Zn in four marine phanerogams and the alga Caulerpa prolifera (Försskal) Lamouroux from the east coast of Spain. Botanica Marina 42: 157-164.
Schussnig, B. (1939). Ein Beitrag zur entwicklungsgeschichte von Caulerpa prolifera. Botaniska Notiser 1939: 75-96.
Terrados, J. & Ros, J.D. (1992). The influence of temperature on seasonal variation of Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskal) Lamouroux photosynthesis and respiration. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 162(2): 199-212.
Tuya Cortés, F., Betancor, S., Fabbri, F., Espino, F. & Haroun Tabraue, R.J. (2016). Photo-physiological performance and short-term acclimation of two coexisting macrophytes (Cymodocea nodosa and Caulerpa prolifera) with depth. Scientia Marina 80(2): 247-259.
Vergara, J.J., García-Sánchez, M.P., Olive, I., García-Marín, P., Brun, F.G., Pérez-Loréns, J.L. & Hernández, I. (2012). Seasonal functioning and dynamics of Caulerpa prolifera meadows in shallow areas: An integrated approach in Cádiz Bay Natural Park. Est. Coast. Shelf. Sci. 112: 255-264.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2017. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 November 2017.

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