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Gonyaulax spinifera (Claparède & Lachmann) Diesing 1866

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Gonyaulacales
Family Gonyaulacaceae
Genus Gonyaulax

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Gonyaulax spinifera (Claparède & Lachmann) Diesing
This genus contains species which have a very thick, armoured theca. The girdle is conspicuously offset.. 08 Feb 2017. © Robin Raine (Robin.Raine@nuigalway.ie).

 

Publication details
Gonyaulax spinifera (Claparède & Lachmann) Diesing 1866: 382

Published in: Diesing, K.M. (1866). Revision der Prothelminthen. Abtheilung: Mastigophoren. Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. Abt. 1, Mineralogie, Botanik, Zoologie, Anatomie, Geologie und Paläontologie 52: 287-401.
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Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Gonyaulax.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Peridinium spiniferum Claparède & Lachmann

Type information
Type locality: North Sea, near Glesnaesholm, W. Norway (Index Nominum Algarum).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), spine-bearing (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Peridinium spiniferum Claparède & Lachmann 1859

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Spiniferites ramosus (Ehrenberg) Mantell 1854
Peridinium levanderi Lemmermann 1900
Gonyaulax levanderi (Lemmermann) Paulsen 1907
Gonyaulax spinifera var. levanderi (Lemmermann) Lindeman 1924
Nematosphaeropsis balcombiana Deflandre & Cookson 1955
Tectatodinium pellitum Wall 1967
Spiniferites mirabilis (M.R.Rossignol) K.Matsuoka 1974

Usage notes
Harmful species (Lassus et al. 2017). - (19 May 2017) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine/freshwater species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Carty, S. (2014). Freshwater dinoflagellates of North America. pp. [i]-viii, [2], [1]-260, 153 figs. Ithaca & London: Comstock Publishing Associates. A division of Cornell University Press.

Dodge, J.D. (1982). Marine dinoflagellates of the British Isles. pp. 1-303, 35 figs, pls I-VIII. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

Dodge, J.D. (1985). Atlas of dinoflagellates. A scanning electron microscope survey. pp. [i]-vii, [1]-119. Farrand Press.

Ellegaard, M., Daugbjerg, N., Rochon, A., Lewis, J. & Harding, I. (2003). Morphological and LSU rDNA sequence variation wihin the Gonyaulax spinifer-Spiniferites group (Dinophyceae) and proposal of G. elongata comb. nov. and G. membranacea comb. nov. Phycologia 42(2): 151-164, 54 figs, 4 tables.

Kim, K.Y., Garbary D.J. & McLachlan, J.L. (2004). Phytoplankton dynamics in Pomquet Harbour, Nova Scotia: a lagoon in the southern Gulf of St. Lawrence. Phycologia 43: 311-328.

Kim, S., Park, M.G., Yih, W. & Coats, D.W. (2004). Infection of the bloom-forming, thecate dinoflagellates Alexandrium affine and Gonyaulax spinifera by two strains of Amoebophrya (Dinophyta). Journal of Phycology 40: 815-822, 3 figs.

Krakhmalny, A.F. [Krachmalny, A.F.] (2011). Dinophyta of Ukraine (illustrated book for identification). Ed by P.M.Tsarenko. pp. [1]-442, 32 figs, 117 pls. Kiev: Alterpres. [in Russian]

Lassus, P., Chomérat, N., Hess, P. & Nézan, E. (2017 '2016'). Toxic and harmful microalgae of the World Ocean. Micro-algues toxiques et nuisibles de l'Océan Mondial. IOC Manuals and guides, 68 (Bilingual English/French). pp. 1-523, 54 pls. Denmark: International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae/ Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO.

Leaw, C.P., Lim, P.T., Ng, B.K., Cheah, M.Y., Ahmad, A. & Usup, G. (2005). Phylogenetic analysis of Alexandrium species and Pyrodinium bahamense (Dinophyceae) based on theca morphology and nuclear ribosomal gene sequence. Phycologia 44: 550-565.

Pankow, H. (1976). Algenflora der Ostsee. II. Plankton (einschliesslich benthischer Kieselalgen). pp. 1-493, 880 figs, 26 pls. Jena: Gustav Fischer.

Paulsen O. (1907). The Peridiniales of the Danish waters. Meddelelser fra Kommissionen for Havundersøgelser Serie: Plankton 1(5): 1-26, 33 figs.

Schiller, J. (1935). Dinoflagellatae (Peridineae). In: Dr. L. Rabenhosrst's Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz, 2. Aufl. X. Band, 3. Abt. 2 Teil. ( Eds), pp. 1-320. Leipzig: Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H..

Steidinger, K.A. & Tangen, K. (1996). Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 387-584. San Diego: Academic Press.

Created: 07 May 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 26 June 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 5185 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Gárate-Lizárraga, I., Muñetón-Gómez, M.S., Pérez-Cruz, B. & Díaz-Ortíz, J.A. (2014). Bloom of Gonyaulax spinifera (Dinophyceae: Gonyaulacales) in Ensenada de La Paz Lagoon, Gulf of California. CICIMAR Oceanides 29(1): 11-18.
Hansen, G., Moestrup, Ø. & Roberts, K.R. (1996). Fine structural observations on Gonyaulax spinifera (Dinophyceae), with special emphasis on the flagellar apparatus.. Phycologia 35: 354-366, 45 figs.
Kim, S., Park, M.G., Yih, W. & Coats, D.W. (2004). Infection of the bloom-forming, thecate dinoflagellates Alexandrium affine and Gonyaulax spinifera by two strains of Amoebophrya (Dinophyta). Journal of Phycology 40: 815-822, 3 figs.
Riaux-Gobin, C. & Lassus, P. (1989). Conditions hydroclimatiques d'une eau colorée á Gonyaulax spinifera (dinoflagellé) dans une ria du Nord-Finistére. Botanica Marina 32: 491-498.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 27 October 2020.

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